Therefore, if the comfort is met in these four contexts, then the patient feels strong and confident. The most important aspects of the theory are the following: Comfort as process and product, merged in holistic nursing art. Intervening Variables are those factors that are not likely to change and over which providers have little control such as prognosis, financial situation, extent of social support, etc.
Environment Any aspect of the patient, family, or institutional surroundings that can be manipulated by a nurse sor loved one s to enhance comfort.
For example, relief-type post-operational control can be achieved with prescribed analgesia. Physical context refers to the needs of the body. Empirical evidence for the nature of holistic comfort. She also analyses the transcendental meaning of comfort and the idea of transformation and increase of individual strength through discomfort.
Key concepts and definitions; types and context of comfort First, Kolcaba divided the general concept of comfort on three types: Development of the theory The comfort theory is a nursing theory that was first developed in the s by Katharine Kolcaba.
While comfort is an immediate, desirable outcome of nursing care, nurses should pay an attention to the possible intervening variables.
For example if one experiences severe pain, then the consumption of proper painkillers will bring relief from the pain. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16 11 Since the issue of comfort is the essence of the theory of Kolcaba, one should analyze the meaning of comfort in relation to the needs of the patients.
Kolcaba examined literature from medicine, nursing, psychiatry, psychology, ergonomics, and English. Second, Kolcaba described four contexts of holistic human experience in differing aspects of therapeutic contexts were introduced.
It is important to remember that assessment may be either objective, such as in the observation of wound healing, or subjective, such as by asking if the patient is comfortable. Nowadays the practical implementation of the comfort theory is realized as nursing interventions, described in the chapter below.
In Kolcaba introduced a broader theory for comfort, and for several years the theory has undergone refinement and tested for its applicability. This paper provides the discussion of the theory of comfort. A taxonomic structure for the concept comfort.
These variables have a significant impact on nursing interventions. Intentional assessment of comfort needs, design of comfort measures, implementation and evaluation of comfort measures. The definition of the other three concepts are less well-developed. If the theory is implemented, then the patient will feel confident and strengthened.
For example, inHarmer advocated that nursing care be concerned with providing an atmosphere of comfort. As it seen, it is closely related with the concept of patient as a person, but this aspect analyses the environment as an entity, without dividing on different individuals.
Patients who are given the power to engage in health-seeking behaviors of their own have a better perceptions of and about their health care. The comfort in the ease sense can be felt by patient after relief from anxiety.
Nursing aspect of the theory also includes intentional assessment of comfort needs, the design of comfort measures to address those needs, and the reassessment of comfort levels after implementation.
Assessment may be either objective, such as in the observation of wound healing, or subjective, The comfort theory essay as by asking if the patient is comfortable.
Having comfort needs met strengthens patients to engage in health-seeking behaviors of their own. Thus, I am convinced that if such basic needs are satisfied, then the procedure will end without a discomfort for the patient.
The third form of comfort called transcendence is a state when patient feels inner confidence to face the challenges even if they are difficult to overcome.
Therefore, the task of the nurse is to create the positive and comfortable environment and take into consideration the needs of the patient regarding the doctor, room, and the level of anesthesia.
Since it could be painful intervention even under anesthesia and many people are afraid of it, the patient will need to satisfy the basic needs in order to reduce the pain.
However, the complete understanding of the theory is impossible without more detailed analysis of these contexts.
Pain also is the most frequent reason to seek a health care. The theory was developed using induction from practice and experiencededuction through logicand from retroaction concepts concepts from other theories. Intervening variables are factors that are not likely to change and over which care providers have little control.Below is an essay on "Comfort Theory" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Katharine Kolcaba The Comfort Theory The Theorist. The comfort theory is a nursing theory that was first developed in the s by Katharine Kolcaba. Comfort Theory is middle range theory for health practice, education, and research. Kolcaba's theory has the potential to place comfort once again in the forefront of healthcare.(March A &.
The comfort theory is a nursing theory that was first developed in the s by Katharine Kolcaba. Comfort theory is middle range theory for health practice, education, and research. This theory allows combination of thinking and practical work of nursing scientists.
Since the issue of comfort is the essence of the theory of Kolcaba, one should analyze the meaning of comfort in relation to the needs of the patients. Comfort is the desirable state of the patient when all basic needs are satisfied (Fitzpatrick & McCarthy,p.
23). Comfort is a massively important concept of nursing and The Theory of Comfort is designed to bring comfort to patients.
The diagrammed conceptual model provides the simplest explanation for the theory. As a result, Katharine published Comfort Theory and Practice: a Vision for Holistic Health Care and Research in She continued teaching in University and developed her theory.
Inthe publishing of the Comfort Theory and Practice: A vision for .Download